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October, 2017:

Making Retirement Work Tip #3: Get Outta Dodge!

Let’s face it, most of the ”Developed, Western” world is a pretty expensive place to live. Sure, it’s balanced out by some of the highest wage rates in the world, but what if you’re not taking in the wages anymore? Are you still living in a place that requires you to pay out the heightened expenses?

I’ve had the opportunity to experience and take advantage of this first hand. As an aspiring poker pro, I make money every month, but not nearly enough to live on. (Hence the word “aspiring”.) But since that doesn’t actually require me to live anywhere in particular, I decided to move somewhere a lot warmer and a lot cheaper, so I moved to Mexico.

So I put my small town house up for rent and used the income to rent a 800 sqft apartment in a gated community. My expenses are only somewhere around $1100 a month. I have friends here that aren’t quite as rambuncious as I am (read: cheap drunks) that live fulfilling lives on half that.

Not to say that you can follow my lead if you’re like most people and working a job that requires your physical prescence… but when you stop? Think about it. And if you’re not tied down to one place already…. what are you waiting for?

Imagine this. You’re 65. You want out of the rat race, but you only have 300k in the bank. For all you know, you might live another 30 years, and assuming you spend 20k a year (which is a pittance in most parts of America), that’s only 15 years worth of living. Before inflation. But living in Mexico or someplace else that only requires 7-10k a year? Now things are looking up!

But aren’t developing nations dangerous?   Well, it depends on what you view as dangerous.  New Orleans averages a murder a day for a little over a million people.   The town where I live that’s 1/10th the size?  3 last year, I believe.  And that’s in “the drug war”.  Plus, because public transit is so cheap, (a bus is 40 cents, a taxi ride 3 dollars) I don’t even need a car, and the speed limit in town is less than 30 mph.  Which virtually eliminates my odds of getting in a deadly car accident, which statistically speaking is waaaaaaay more likely than getting killed in an act of violence.

There are sizeable ex-patriate communities all over the world.  And since ex-pats pick where they live, as opposed to most locals that just grow up where they were born, they tend not to pick places where street crime (the only kind that effects you unless you plan on joining a gang or something) is rampant.

So go ahead, do a little research. Take a trip or two, check it out.  Explore.  Not only will you save some cash, you’ll broaden your mind.

Retirement Building Tip #2: Retirement May Not Be All It’s Cracked Up To Be

Which actually isn’t as crazy as it sounds. Retirement is like porno. It isn’t for everyone.   It comes prepackaged with something that many, many, many people are completely unprepared for.  Tons and tons of free time.

That can be more daunting than it sounds.   Both of my parents tried to retire early because they weren’t satisfied with their jobs. So they stopped. And had nothing to do. They live in a very small village  without any real activities.  They had no hobbies, because they spent their working lives, well, working.  There’s a few causes and volunteering to be done, but nothing even close to being able to fill a 40 hour a week hole.

So what filled up that gap?  A big part of it went to TV.  They hated that, too.  Additionally, they realized (entirely too late) that due to the “financial planning pitfalls”, their retirement savings weren’t nearly at the level they needed to keep them going for another 10-30 years, (unless they wanted to try living on social security alone… ug) which created a lot of stress.

My dad went back to his old job and still doesn’t like it, but at least he’s not hating his situation AND losing sleep every night for fear of not having enough money to see him through the years where he can’t work. One problem is better than two.

But now my mom is happier working in a (different) job than when she was doing nothing. And all she’s doing is cooking in a slow, small town restaurant. Nothing complicated, nothing intense. When it’s not the lunch rush, it’s just people coming in for coffee. So she gets to sit down, relax, and chat with the customers, which she loves to do, she’s a social person. And she gets paid to do it. Beats sitting at home lonely for free.

Maybe you want to leave your current job, and that’s cool. The thought of doing anything for 40 years straight gives me the heebie-jeebies. But there are tons of other jobs out there that might fill a gap in all that free time, which can honestly be a little daunting for most people.   Even in this day and age in America, there’s still plenty of “Help Wanted” signs, it’s just that a lot of folks find it beneath them.

One of my favorite stories is a very simple one of a man back home.  Spent 35 years in construction, until he had to quit because his body couldn’t take the workload.  He had substantial savings, but not nearly enough to never need income again.   Now?  He cuts grass in the summer, snowblows in the winter.  Lucrative?  Nope.  Prestigious?  Nope.  But according to him, it’s the happiest he’s ever been.  He’s barely touching his principal, he’s got no real worries, and he gets to smoke weed and daydream all day, and get paid for the priveledge.

He just cuts grass for a living, but he’s one of my heroes.

Making Retirement Work Tip #1: Index Funds Instead of Mutual Funds

Well, first off, please don’t think that I’m saying that just because saving doesn’t work that you should just be spending every dime that comes across your path.

There are several things you can do to mitigate the effects of inflation, taxes, fees and declining risk/reward tolerance.

The easiest?

Index Funds Instead of Mutual Funds

Both basically base their rates of return off of the market.  So what’s the difference?  An index fund doesn’t charge you a 1.5-2.5% fee every year, winner or loser.  It’s more in the .4% to .6% range.    That is the reason why 90% of mutual funds underperform the market over time.

How much?  If you’re making a monthly contribution on top of that compounding interest, the difference between an 8% average compound and a 6% one is NOT 25%.  It’s over 40.

If there’s nothing else you take away from this blog, take that.  It’s free money.  And while it’s true that your financial planner will say that’s a horrible idea, there’s a very good reason for that.  A good whack of that 1.5-2.5% is his commission.   Who’s retirement are you paying for here, yours or his? 

To be continued…

Saving For Retirement Doesn’t Work!

A young couple is sitting down with their financial planner. He tells them that for every $100 a month for the next 50 years, at only 8 percent compounded interest, they’ll have over a third of a million dollars 40 years later!

The young couple, never having really thought about this before, squeal excitedly, sign on the dotted line, and have pleasant dreams with sugarplums and secure retirements dancing in their heads.

But alas, it is not to be. They’ve been had. Or more to the point, they’re just missing a pieces of the puzzle larger than the compound interest that they are trusting to grow their nest egg.

Management Expense Ratios

Sure, the broader stock market has provided a historical gain of an average of 8% per year, but that’s the market. That’s not the mutual fund the financial planner is selling. His funds are going to charge you a management fee of at least 1.5%, probably more like 2%, and that’s regardless of whether the fund actually made any money or not. Market does 10%, you make 8%. Market loses 5%, you lose 7%. Hear that? That’s the sound of those projected profits dropping by almost 40%.

Diversification of Asset Classes

If anyone learned anything from their elders in 2008-2009, it’s that as you get closer to retirement age, you want to be reducing your exposure to high-risk assets like stocks the closer to get to retirement. The 2008 crash was just a blip on the radar to a 30 year old, but to someone who was right at retirement age, being 100% in stocks would have been disasterous. As such, as one gets older, they need to shift their money into less risky places like bonds, which also cuts the average rate of return. If we cut the overall rate of return by 1.2% each decade, you go from 8% in decade one, 6.8% in decade two, 5.6 % in decade three, and 4.4% in decade four, well… there’s that sound again. Expect another 40% drop from that 8% projection at the beginning over a 40 year period.

Taxes

Odds are that your retirement savings are going into some kind of tax-deferred account, which is a good thing. Better to get the effect of compounding before taxes eat up a big chunk of it, and also to pay tax on that money when you don’t have a normal income pushing you into a high tax bracket from dollar one. Strange as it may sound, this is actually the smallest drain on your returns when handled effectively, but it is still going to eat up 10-20% of your gains, whatever that works out to after your management expense ratios and declining tolerance for risk as you get older have eaten into your returns.

Inflation

Unfortunately, we saved the biggest drag for last. Why is it so big? Because inflation works at a steady percentage per year, just like compunding returns. But in reverse. You made 8% last year? Great. But those dollars you made are now 4% less than at the beginning of the year, as well. And just like the management expense ratio, inflation hits the entire egg, not just your profits.

Sooooo..: 8% to start… management expense ratio of 2%, inflation of 4%… down to 2% profit… reduction of risk/return over time…. taxes on whatever’s left…. you can see where this is going.

And so that poor young couple save away chip away, throwing money into their financial planner’s mutual fund, having children and living life, without a care for their retirement, for that’s all taken care of. Or so they thought.

Until somewhere around their 50th birthday, when they look at their retirement account statement, and realize that while the number on the statement goes up, it’s not nearly as fast as they had expected, and the buying power of the money they’ve been socking away hasn’t changed much from those original $100 contributions. In fact, it’s probably shrank.

If you really want to have an on-time or early retirement, you’re going to have to change a variable or two. Inflation is out of your control. As long as we live in a democracy, we’re going to have leaders that spend waaaay more than they take in to curry favor with voters and maintain power. It’s not going away. Ditto for taxes, although at least you can reduce them to some extent with a good accountant or a good tax education. Which means the variables open to you are the amount you contribute, and your rate of return.

If you think you, as a 70 year old, would spend $2,000 a month in this day and age, that’s more or less what you have to put away on a monthly basis given today’s typical rates of return from a financial planner’s mutual fund. And that means a level of savings (50-70% for most) radically beyond what they’re willing to contribute.

Another solution is to up your rate of return. But doing that involves ratcheting up your level of risk considerably, unless you educate yourself as to where those risks come from, and are able to mitigate them. But that requires education. And you’re probably going to have to do it yourself.

That’s where this blog comes in. Because just like secondary school and university/college, about 90% of what you learn there is either useless or flat out wrong… but that 10% of real information is solid gold. Problem is, we have no idea which is which while you’re learning.

I do. I’ve been there. I’ve made the mistakes and successes, and learned the lessons. I’ve never worked more than 2 weeks for someone else in my life, while coming from a underprivledged background. The lack of that steady income has advantages and disadvantages. You have an advantage over me in that you count on a check showing up every couple of weeks. You have a steady stream of income to play with. My advantage over you is that I have the time and energy to learn about how inflation and MERs and taxes and compound interest and investing really work. And I use and abuse that knowledge every chance I get. It’s allowed me to build up an asset column well above and beyond what 90% of people my age have.

So let’s team up, you and me. You still have to do your learning, but I can point you in the right direction so you can use and abuse the powerful knowledge to get a step ahead.

I think this will be the start of a beautiful friendship.